By Petra Sleeman, Harry Perridon
One of many recurrent questions in old linguistics is to what quantity languages can borrow grammar from different languages. it sort of feels for example rarely most probably that every 'average ecu' language constructed a distinct article all on its own, with none impact from neighbouring languages. it really is, however, in no way transparent what precisely was once borrowed, because the approach within which definiteness is expressed differs drastically one of the a variety of Germanic and Romance languages and dialects. one of many major goals of this quantity is to shed a few mild at the query of what's comparable and what's d. Read more...
content material: The Noun word in Romance and Germanic; Editorial web page; name web page; LCC info; desk of contents; Foreword; The noun word in Germanic and Romance; half I. edition; Scaling the difference in Romance and Germanic nominalizations; What all occurs while a common quantifier combines with an interrogative DP; Micro-diversity in Dutch interrogative DPs; Noun word constitution and circulate; A unified constitution for Scandinavian DPs; A semantic method of noun word constitution and the convinced --
indefinite contrast in Germanic and Romance; sure determiners in English-based creoles.
By Jeanette Sakel
Moseten belongs to the small, unclassified language kinfolk Mosetenan and is spoken by way of approximately 800 humans within the foothills of the Bolivian Andes and the adjacent lowland sector. This e-book offers a grammatical description of Moseten within the kind of a descriptive reference grammar. it's in line with the author's huge fieldwork in Bolivia and is meant to be finished and geared toward linguists from all backgrounds. Belonging to an unclassified language family members, Moseten is of distinctive curiosity to typologists, historic linguists, touch linguists and South Americanists. The grammar is split right into a bankruptcy on phonology (2.) and 6 chapters at the morphology: morphological methods (3.) the nominal procedure (4.), pronouns and reference (5.), adjectives and adverbs (6.), quantification (7.) and the verbal procedure (8.). those chapters are via voice (9.), negation (10.) and modality and discourse markers (11.). ultimately, there are syntactically orientated chapters on clause varieties (12.) and clause mixtures (13.). within the appendix, 3 kinds of texts, an inventory of morphemes, a listing of references and extra bibliographical notes are further. in addition, there's an index. This grammar is the 1st available and finished description of a Mosetenan language.
By Laura J. Downing
This booklet considers the interplay of morphological and phonological determinants of linguistic shape and the measure to which one determines the opposite. It considers the operation of canonical varieties, the invariant syllabic shapes of morphemes and the defining attribute of prosodic morphology. Dr Downing offers an unique idea which she assessments on facts from a large choice of languages. Her booklet can be of vital curiosity to students and complicated scholars of phonology and morphology, and of linguistic idea extra generally.
By Daniel Siddiqi
Syntax in the Word offers a multifaceted investigate the syntactic framework of disbursed Morphology (DM) in the Minimalist software. For these surprising with the idea, this monograph offers an outline of DM and argues its strengths. For these extra acquainted with DM, this monograph presents analyses of widespread info a lot of which has now not been handled in the framework: argument choice, stem allomorphy and suppletion, nominal compounds in English (feet-first vs. *heads-first), and the constitution of the verb word. This monograph additionally proposes a destiny for the speculation within the kind of revisions to DM together with: the removing of readjustment principles, a brand new economic system constraint (Minimize Exponence) that triggers fusion of useful heads, and a function blocking off system.
By Bernard Comrie
Given that its first ebook, Language Universals and Linguistic Typology has develop into tested because the top introductory account of 1 of the most efficient parts of linguistics—the research, comparability, and category of the typical good points and different types of the association of languages. Adopting an method of the topic pioneered via Greenberg and others, Bernard Comrie is very excited by syntactico-semantic universals, devoting chapters to observe order, case making, relative clauses, and causative buildings. His ebook is expert all through by means of the conviction that an exemplary account of common homes of human language can't limit itself to only formal features, nor concentrate on research of a unmarried language. quite, it should also think of language use, relate formal homes to testable claims approximately cognition and cognitive improvement, and deal with info from quite a lot of languages. This moment version has been revised and up to date to take complete account of latest examine in universals and typology long ago decade, and extra commonly to think about how the technique encouraged the following pertains to contemporary advances in generative grammatical idea.
By John Haiman
The papers during this quantity all discover one form of practical cause of quite a few features of linguistic shape – iconicity: linguistic varieties are usually the best way they're simply because they resemble the conceptual buildings they're used to express, or, linguistic buildings resemble one another as the diverse conceptual domain names they symbolize are considered within the comparable means. The papers partially I of this quantity take care of elements of motivation, the ways that the linguistic shape is a diagram of conceptual constitution, and homologous with it in fascinating methods. lots of the papers partially II specialize in isomorphism, the tendency to affiliate a unmarried invariant that means with each one unmarried invariant shape. The papers partially III care for the obvious arbitrariness that arises from competing motivations.
By Martha J. Kolln, Robert W. Funk
This market-leading textual content for grammar classes is a entire description of sentence constitution that encourages scholars to acknowledge and use their innate language services as they learn the systematic nature of sentence grammar. a realistic combination of the main worthwhile parts of either conventional and new linguistic grammar, the textual content emphasizes entire constructions, so much particularly the 10 simple sentence styles brought in bankruptcy three. key good points separate this booklet from others: its transparent association and its effortless, available language. either scholars and academics delight in the self-teaching caliber that incremental routines offer in the course of the chapters, with solutions on the finish of the e-book.
By Valerie Shepard
In Literature approximately Language Valerie Shepherd brings jointly linguistic conception and literary feedback and examines languages as a subject in a number of literary texts. through taking a look at the paintings of writers resembling quick, Joyce and Sontag she discusses the ability of story-telling and metaphor to form our considering and examines the communicative capacities of non-standard English and the strengths of women's writing in a male language international. by means of turning to the paintings of writers comparable to Hardy, Cummings, hotel and Gordimer, although, she additionally demonstrates the ways that language will be restricted by means of its clients and by way of social and cultural pressures.
Written particularly for a scholar viewers, Language approximately Literature presumes no past wisdom of linguistic concept and every bankruptcy concludes with a suite of useful exercises.
a useful textual content for A-level and undergraduate scholars of language, literature and communique stories.
By Jóhanna Barddal, Shobhana L. Chelliah
The purpose of this quantity is to convey non-syntactic elements within the improvement of case into the attention of the learn box, via illustrating the critical position of pragmatics, semantics, and discourse constitution within the ancient improvement of morphologically marked case platforms. The articles characterize fifteen typologically assorted languages from 4 various language households: (i) Indo-European: Vedic Sanskrit, Russian, Greek, Latin, Latvian, Gothic, French, German, Icelandic, and Faroese; (ii) Tibeto-Burman, in particular the Bodic languages and Meithei; (iii) eastern; and (iv) the Pama-Nyungan combined language Gurindji Kriol. the knowledge additionally convey enormous variety and contain elicited, archival, corpus-based, and of course taking place info. Discussions of mechanisms the place swap is bought comprise semantically and aspectually prompted synchronic case edition, discourse influenced topic marking, aid or growth of case marker distribution, case syncretism stimulated by means of semantics, syntax, or language touch, and case splits stimulated by means of pragmatics, metonymy, and subjectification.